论文写作规范毕业论文格式开题报告范文|MBA论文范文本科论文范文硕士论文范文博士论文范文

  • 在线提交留言
  • 当前我国腐败产生的制度性缺陷及对策研究

    发布时间:2019-10-12 来源:www.coat35.com  作者:博硕论文辅导网

      TAGS标签:研究生论文  免费论文  论文下载  写作辅导  论文写作  论文致谢  参考文献  开题报告  职称论文  毕业论文  论文模板  论文范文

    学校代码: 10   
    学    号:    

    研究生硕士学位论文

    当前我国腐败产生的制度性缺陷及对策研究
    The Institutional Defects of Corruption of China at Present and Countermeasures research


     专 业 名 称: 公共管理硕士(MPA) 
     研 究 方 向:  
     年       级:  级 
     研究生姓名:  
     导师姓名、职称:  
     完 成 日 期: 
     论文主题词: 反腐败、制度缺陷、经济人、制度建设 

     

    中文摘要
    腐败己经成为当今社会发展过程中的一大顽疾。党和政府从建国至今,颁布了大量的条例、法令、法规来治理腐败,但腐败现象并没有从根本上得到有效的遏制,我国现在仍处于腐败现象的多发期和高发期,大案、要案时有发生,反腐败形势仍十分严峻,反腐败政策亦受到诸多质疑。
    本文以腐败的经济学本质为出发点,阐述了腐败的定义,客观地描述了我国腐败问题的现状及特征。之后从公职人员的经济理性和伦理道德的角度,对腐败产生的诱因——制度缺陷进行深入分析,提出要预防和惩治腐败,必须立足在良好制度的构建上,弥补制度缺陷,加强制度建设。全文共分五部分对以上观点进行阐述。
    第一部分,从经济学角度阐述腐败的定义,总结并分析当前我国腐败问题的主要表现及其特征。我国的腐败现象具有转型期的特征,新旧体制的交替客观上为腐败的产生提供了大量的机会,目前我国的腐败已经呈现出体制化的恶性态势。
    第二部分,首先,对腐败行为进行经济学分析,运用经济学最基本的分析工具成本-收益法来深刻分析这一行为的经济根源。根据经济学原理,从政治、社会法律等多角度分析,我们不难发现,腐败的私人预期效用要远远大于腐败的私人成本;同时,因为私人腐败行为将腐败活动的风险和成本转嫁给了社会,使社会治理成本增加,公共利益受损。其次,通过分析道德自律的弱效应及转型期我国行政伦理道德建设滞后的现状,指出道德教育不是万能的,反腐败要解决思想问题,更要解决制度问题。
    第三部分,在第二部分对公职人员的“经济人”理性和“社会人”伦理道德理性进行分析的基础上,通过对制度及其功能进行研究,对腐败问题的产生进行制度方面的分析,指出制度缺陷诱导腐败,反腐败必然是一场长期的、全面性的制度性的努力。要想治理腐败就要对现行制度的缺陷进行分析,找出原因并加以改革和完善。该部分具体地指出我国当前制度性缺陷的六种表现:一是制度建设滞后;二是制度不健全;三是制度运作程序模糊;四是制度执行不力;五是制度监督脱节,监督约束机制不力,事后惩罚太轻,腐败成本较低;六是现行制度导致公职人员行为激励机制扭曲。
    第四部分,笔者主要从三方面对反腐败制度性缺陷的成因进行分析。认为腐败滋生蔓延的根本原因在于制度结构和制度安排的不合理,是各方面的制度缺陷不断制造和滋生着腐败。一方面是一些领导干部长期制度意识淡漠,甚至严重缺失,封建权力文化中“权”大于“法”的特权观念难以消除;另一方面是在“人性本善”的思维定势下,侧重宣传、教育、倡导式的制度设计安排造成的制度缺陷;再一方面是我国的制度制定模式造成的缺陷,主要是至上而下的政策制定模式、政策制定者具有特殊地位及监督制约系统设计不“闭环”。
    第五部分,重点提出加强惩治和预防腐败的制度体系建设。要将惩治和预防腐败的努力寓于各项重要政策和措施之中,加强制度体系建设,制约和监督权力的正当运转,建立有效的制约权力、防止权力被滥用的严密制度之网,是惩治和预防腐败的保证。第一,要大力提高制度意识。第二,要建立严密的权力制约制度。第三,要建立严格的权力运作程序制度。第四,要建立及时有效的监督制度。第五,要提高反腐倡廉制度的执行力。第六要建立及时严厉的查处惩处制度。第七,要建立更有道德的公共管理体系。通过强化对公职人员作为“经济人”的理性制度规范引导,同时强化其作为“社会人”的社会道德责任感,内化公共政策的伦理价值,致力于对当前道德环境的改善,来使公职人员将“制度外化” 与“道德内化”结合起来,增强对公权力的约束。
    总之,当前我国反腐败应主要依靠制度建设,弥补制度缺陷,同时将道德建设融入制度建设之中,达到法治与德治的相辅相成,才能从根本上有效地遏制腐败现象的滋生和蔓延。
    关键词:反腐败;制度缺陷;经济学分析;伦理学分析;制度建设


        
    学校代码: 10   
    学    号:    

    研 究 生 硕 士 学 位 论 文

    当前我国腐败产生的制度性缺陷及对策研究
    The Institutional Defects of Corruption of China at Present and Countermeasures research


     专 业 名 称: 公共管理硕士(MPA) 
     研 究 方 向:  
     年       级: 
     研究生姓名:  
     导师姓名、职称:  
     完 成 日 期: 
     论文主题词: 反腐败、制度缺陷、经济人、制度建设 

    ABSTRACT
    Corruption has become a serious problem in the process of social development. The party and the government since their foundations have promulgated a lot of regulations, ordinance and rules to forbid corruption, which, however, doesn’t restrict corruption effectively. At present China is still in the period featured by high frequency and large amount of corruptions. Serious corruption case occurs from time to time, making the anti-corruption situation serious. In this condition, current anti-corruption policy is suspected by the society.
    Based on the economic essence of corruption, this paper expounds the essential definition of corruption, objectively describes present situation and features of corruption in China. Then, from the view of officer’s the economic rationality and moral ethic, analyzes in-depth the causes of corruption, institutional defects in other words, and proposes that to prevent and punish corruption, it must be based on the construction of good anti-corruption system, make up the institutional defects, and strengthen the construction of anti-corruption system. This paper is divided into five parts expound the above opinion.
    In the first part, from the Angle of economics, this paper summarizes the definition of corruption in China and analyzes the main problems of corruption and its characteristics. China's corruption has the feature of transitional period, which means that the alternation of the new institution for the old one has provided a lot of opportunities for the produce of corruption, and at present China’s corruption has become an institutional vicious circle.
    In the second part, this paper firstly analyzes corruption from the perspective of economics by using the basic analyzing method, cost-income method, to search the root of corruption. Considering from the perspective of society, politics, law and institution, the personal cost of corruption is low, while the personal expected benefit is very high comparatively. At the same time, the personal corruption imputes the risks and costs from corruption to the society, increasing the social management cost, and decreasing public interests. Secondly, by analyzing the weak effect of moral self-discipline and the lag of China’s transitional administrative ethics construction, this paper points out that moral education is not everything, and anti-corruption demands good institution to settle the moral problem.
    In the third part, based on the analysis of officer’s economic rationality and social ethic rationality, by researching the institution and its function, this paper analyzes the institutional reason of corruption problem, and points out that the institutional defect induces the corruption, corruption, and anti-corruption is necessarily a long-term and comprehensive institutional efforts. To forbid corruption, it is needed to analyze current institutional defects, find the reasons and reform them. This part concretely points out that there are six institutional defects in China’s present institution. The first is lagging behind. The second is imperfect system. The third is the ambiguous operating process of institution. The forth is inadequate enforcement system. The fifth is the disjoint of institutional supervision. Weak supervision system and afterwards punishment and low punishment cost. The sixth is the distortion of officer’s behavior incentive mechanism.
    In the fourth part, the author analyzes the reason of institutional defection of anti-corruption mainly from three aspects, and proposes that the root cause of corruption is the irrationality of institutional structure and arrangement and it is the institutional defection that breeds and produces corruption. On one hand, some officers lack the sense of long term institution, and it is hard to eliminate the consciousness that power is over law. On the other hand, it is the institutional design and arrangement according to the belief that “people are inherently good” and paying attention to advertise, education and leading that induces the institutional defects. In addition, the establishment pattern of China’s institution has also contributed to the institutional defects, which are mainly downward policy establishment pattern, and policy makers have the special position and supervision and restriction system is not a closed loop.
    In the fifth part, this paper proposes that it is necessary to strengthen the establishment of punishing and preventing corruption system, strengthen the institutional system establishment, restrict and supervise the operation of power, establish effective restriction power, and forbid power abuse is the promise to prevent corruption. First, it is needed to strengthen institutional consciousness. Second, we should establish the system of suppression corruption. Third, we should set up a strict system of power restriction. Fourth, establish a strict system of power operation procedures. Fifth, build a timely and effective supervision system. Sixth, improve the system of anti-corruption execution. Seventh, establish the strict punishment system timely. Eighth, build more moral public management system. Through the strengthening of the "economic man" as the guide and its rationality as "social responsibility", internalizing social moral of public policy, being committed to the ethical value and moral environment, it could make public officials combine "moral internalization" and "system, strengthen external" together to strengthen the restriction to public power.
    In general, at present China depends on the institution establishment to forbid corruption. Making up the institutional defects, and put the moral establishment into the institution establishment so as to reach the goal of complementarily of law and moral could forbid corruption effectively and radically.

    Keywords: anti-corruption; defect of system; economic analysis; ethics analysis; System construction


    目    录
    中文摘要 I
    ABSTRACT III
    前    言 1
    1  腐败的本质及我国腐败问题的现状 3
    1.1  腐败的定义 3
    1.2  我国当前腐败现象的主要表现及特征 4
    1.2.1  现阶段我国腐败的主要表现形式 4
    1.2.2  现阶段我国腐败现象的特征 6
    2  腐败行为的经济学与伦理学分析 7
    2.1  腐败行为的经济学分析 7
    2.1.1  腐败行为的私人成本与收益分析 8
    2.1.2  腐败行为的社会成本与收益分析 9
    2.2  腐败行为的伦理学分析 10
    2.2.1  道德自律的弱效应 10
    2.2.2  道德反腐的困境 12
    2.2.3  转型期行政伦理道德建设的不足 13
    3  腐败的深层次原因——制度性缺陷 14
    3.1  反腐败的制度性作用 14
    3.2  制度及其功能 15
    3.2.1  制度具有约束功能 15
    3.2.2  制度具有激励和信息功能 17
    3.2.3  制度对个人行为的影响 17
    3.3  腐败问题的制度分析 17
    3.4  制度缺陷与腐败关系 19
    3.5  当前制度性缺陷的表现 21
    3.5.1  制度建设滞后 21
    3.5.2  制度不健全 22
    3.5.3  制度运作程序模糊 22
    3.5.4  制度执行不力 23
    3.5.5  监督制约制度缺失 24
    3.5.6  公职人员行为激励机制扭曲 24
    4  制度性缺陷的成因分析 26
    4.1  制度意识淡漠或缺失 26
    4.2  制度设计与安排的不足 28
    4.3  制度制定模式的不足 29
    4.4  法律及其制度的局限性 31
    5  惩治和预防腐败的制度体系建设分析 32
    5.1  加强制度意识建设 32
    5.2  建立严密的权力制约制度 34
    5.2.1  规范政府权力的合理运作 34
    5.2.2  明确职权范围及其责任 35
    5.2.3  加强权力制约制度的系统化完备化建设 35
    5.3  建立严格的权力运作程序制度 36
    5.3.1  从程序上规范和完善干部选拔任用工作 36
    5.3.2  完善重大决策的规则和程序 37
    5.3.3  从程序上规范和完善招投标拍卖政府采购等制度 37
    5.3.4  从程序上推行公务公开 37
    5.4  建立及时有效的监督制度 38
    5.5  提高反腐倡廉制度执行力 39
    5.6  建立及时严厉的查处惩处制度 41
    5.7  建立更有道德的公共管理体系 43
    5.7.1  强化对公职人员的理性引导 43
    5.7.2  强化公职人员的社会道德责任 44
    5.7.3  内化公共政策的伦理价值 45
    5.7.4  以制度性教育促道德环境改善 45
    结    论 47
    参考文献 48


    前    言
    腐败是现代文明的毒瘤,也是人类发展史中的一个顽疾,我们从它的形式、内容和影响来看,不难得出这样的结论,腐败不仅仅局限于是一个经济现象,它还是一个复杂的社会现象,涉及到社会、文化、政治等多个领域。对处于转型期的中国来讲,腐败问题如果得不到有效地消解,未来中国的改革和开放必将步入一个发展性困境,其恶果甚至可能吞噬三十多年中国改革开放所取得的巨大成果。
    依靠制度惩治和预防腐败,既是我们党对执政规律和反腐倡廉建设规律认识的深化发展,也是我们党开展反腐倡廉工作实践的宝贵经验。党的十六大以来,随着《中国共产党党内监督条例(试行)》、《建立健全教育、制度、监督并重的惩治和预防腐败体系实施纲要》等一系列法规和文件的陆续颁布,我国已构建起反腐倡廉法规制度体系的基本框架。目前,我国出台的一系列反腐倡廉法规制度已超过1200件,仅中央纪委监察部近年来废止的涉及党风廉政建设和反腐败工作的文件就有115件。我国现已成为世界上公认出台“不准”式规定最多的国家,透明国际也认为,中国是世界上反腐败制度建设相对完善的国家。这些法律制度的出台和实施,在我国惩治和预防腐败方面发挥了重要作用。然而,尽管反腐败的力度不断提升,相关法律制度不断完善,但近年来腐败现象不但没有从根本上得到遏制,反而有愈演愈烈之势,当前反腐败斗争的形势依然严峻,腐败问题仍然是公众最不满意、关注度最高的问题。目前反腐败带给公众的印象似乎是“愈反愈腐”,查办腐败案件、惩处腐败分子被群众“戏称”为“隔墙撂砖头——砸住谁是谁”,我国的反腐败政策因此受到诸多质疑。陷入这种困境的根源和出路究竟在哪里?笔者通过对前人研究反腐败问题成果的学习、研究,并结合自己的工作经历不断思考探究,认为现阶段我国社会各种腐败现象滋生蔓延、扼而难止,从根本上说还在于我国的制度建设方面存在着种种缺陷。虽然当前我国已经出台了一系列反腐败制度体系,对一些具体的腐败现象具有一定的警示和防范作用,但相当一部分制度流之于形式,存在不系统的、不严密、不科学、治标不治本等诸多先天缺陷。

    原文地址:http://www.coat35.com/shuoshi_lunwen/ggglss_lunwen/21582.html,如有转载请标明出处,谢谢。 您可能在寻找关于公共管理硕士论文方面的范文,您可以到硕士论文频道查找。

    在线咨询】【写作辅导】【论文检测】【论文改重】【论文翻译

    会员投稿】【范文模板】【开题报告】【资料下载】【提交留言

    发表评论 共有条评论
    用户名: 密码:
    验证码: 匿名发表
    论文写作指导
    论文在线咨询
    京ICP备18055229号
    四季在线轮盘机